An Exposure Visit of the partners of the VB Net was held in Srikakulam district of Andhra Pradesh on December 10 – 13, 2017. The visit was organized by VB Net and RRAN to observe the work of RRAN in fisheries, backyard poultry, and millets especially SMI (System of Millet Intensification). Participants left Ranchi on 9th December and reached Srikakulam on 10th December and stayed at a society named Action In Rural Technology (ART) where Mr. Kalyan Patra guided the group.
The main objectives of the exposure visit were included the following:-
- Observe, understand and learn the various activities of RRAN including the functioning, understand the success models already implemented by RRAN so that it helps the VBN partners to move ahead with the activities and explore the possibilities of replication in Jharkhand.
First day was visited Panasaguda village of Sitempetta block Srikakulam with WASSAN team to observe and learn the millet cultivation and learned that it needs less water and low maintenance and also high yielding and has high demand in the market. Thus making it highly economical and containing a nutritious value like protein, vitamins and so on. Millets (Like Jowar , Bajra, Ragi etc.) has multipurpose use and is used in various types of food, in bakery, snacks etc.
Here we learn the processing of millet cultivation and its processing system then market value. In the introductory session, participants were shown a desi poultry farm. Participants were shown how to make a poultry farm with a local hen, the regional manager of WASSAN RRAN Mr Rao explained how they implement the model in a saturation model. He told us what was the last scenario of the village before the millets activity. The local millet are been packet and supply to Anganwadi Kendra& differ girls hostel and some millets are supplying to local biscuit factory to make millet biscuit.This millet mill was constructed by a local NGO Chinnayyaadivasivikashsangam(CAVS) supported by NABARD. The founder of CAVS explained how he promotes the millet farming in millet intensification method in the tribal area and try to make a Farmer producer organization.
On 12th December participants went for fishery and backyard poultry. It was learned that the two activities are also very significant and effective due to its high economic growth.
At first the backyard poultry which was observed was fully set up in the proper systematic way as poultry farm, next boundary cover with potential plantation for the birds, next the time to time de-worming and vaccination of the birds, the male and female ratio set up, their hatching, laying, Azolla cultivation for them and worm creation. For implementing the model, at first a common interest group (CIG) with 1 entrepreneur with 100 households was formed and one president and a secretary were chosen. The membership charge for the entrepreneur is Rs. 5000 and for every household Rs.100. The money is debited from a bank for future use. A breeding farm is supported to the entrepreneur from program cost who have minimum 0.5 acres of land. The entrepreneur also invest some own money to make the total area & every household will make a night shelter. In 1st stage, the entrepreneur will start his farm with 50 hen & 10 cocks. The entrepreneur will supply 5 chicks to each & every 100 households, after that he can sell the hen/chicken in the market. For every chick, he will get 80/-(60/- program cost & 20/- from each beneficiary).For vaccination of hen 2 resource person is appointed by the CIG group and for each vaccination, he will pay 2/- each. For the deworming of hen, then give some organic medicine to the hen.
This is a perfect model to enhance the livelihood in a sustainable way.
Thereafter fishing cultivation was observed which was also very interesting. Group learned about the right ph of water, the right presence of plankton for high productivity of fishes. Fisheries expert Mr. Bidyabhusan Dutta showed us how we can measure the PH of pond water with a testing kit. He also measured the rate of phytoplankton in water by the testing kit in a demonstration pond.
On the 2nd day, participants visited a millet biscuit bakery where different types of multigrain millet grain biscuits are made and are been supply to different areas.
Overall these were the observations of the group and after a vast learning experience, the group returned on 13th December from Srikakulam.
- To explore the possibility of replicating various sustainable model in Jharkhand
- To improve community management system.